Let us examine the distinction between MEAN and MERN stacks


A great way to fully comprehend full-stack development is to build a custom web application. The distinction between a mean stack and a mean stack must be understood when deciding which technology stack is best for a web development project.

Furthermore, big data advancements have thrust agile methodologies into the spotlight. The infrastructure of modern software programmes must be strong in order to adapt to the dynamic business environment. The stack that maximises flexibility, scalability, and performance while remaining cost-effective must therefore be chosen by developers. They should be fully informed of the advantages and disadvantages of each option before making their choice. But first, let's give beginners an introduction to full-stack development.

Full-stack development: What is it?

In the context of web development, "full stack" refers to the front-end, back-end, testing, and mobile app software systems. Traditionally, businesses hired people with expertise in any of these fields. However, there is a high demand for qualified candidates in ancillary technologies as the needs of modern workplaces change.

Mean Stack vs. Mern Stack

Due to the fact that both frameworks provide trustworthy abstraction at the UI level, the competition between the MEAN and MERN stacks is quite close. While Mern Stack uses the ReactJS library, a Facebook product, Mean Stack makes use of AngularJS, which is supported by Google Inc. By using JavaScript as the main programming language, code switching is avoided, and new developers are given the tools necessary to materialise their concepts.

Both options offer a fantastic set of tools that can be used to create software products that work well. Therefore, selecting the appropriate stack for their applications can be overwhelming for newcomers. Let us examine their advantages more closely and contrast how well they perform in various scenarios.

What is Mean Stack and why should you use it?

One of the rapidly expanding open-source development frameworks, Mean Stack, enables programmers to quickly and easily create complex web applications. The phrase "mean stack" refers to a collection of JavaScript-based frameworks used to create sophisticated web applications. A combination of MEAN Stack technologies, including MongoDB, Express.JS, Angular, and Node.JS, is used in mobile and web applications.

The need for technology has given developers the green light to work on the front-end, back-end, and much more. Today's developers are capable of understanding and resolving issues in a variety of software development streams. Software development firms are now cautiously looking to hire "mean stack" developers who can completely build the website or application from scratch without stopping.

Recent years have seen an exponential growth in web development technologies. Front-end technologies like AngularJS, Node JS, React JS, and others have replaced back-end development technologies like Java, PHP, and others. These technologies have undergone continuous development since their inception in order to increase coding effectiveness and decrease code size. One such group of tools that has significantly cut down on development time is the MEAN stack.

The primary advantage of using the MEAN stack is that all of the coding is JavaScript-based. This shortens the amount of time a novice developer must spend learning. A lightweight application architecture and a quick turnaround time have also become essential due to the global boom in the start-up culture. MEAN Stack aids in meeting this requirement. The JavaScript engine used by the entire programme, including the web application server, is based on Chrome. This decreases the overall amount of memory needed and speeds up web response time.

In addition to the advantages listed above, the MEAN stack has lower development costs. Additionally, MEAN.JS is completely open source and free to use, as is its extensive ecosystem. Because of its sharing capabilities, which make extensive code reuse and sharing within the stack possible and lower overall costs. It might be one of the main advantages of using MEAN for business. The development time can be shortened, resulting in a lower development cost, thanks to its unified and flexible offerings.

The MEAN stack also aids in scalability and quick MVP development. A productive platform for creating scalable software products is the MEAN stack. The stack contains a sizable number of additional frameworks, libraries, and reusable modules that enable businesses to accelerate development more effectively. Therefore, MEAN stack can be a great option for start-ups due to its shorter development cycles and lower development costs by helping to deliver modern and ready-made solutions, which can significantly save time while making development less strenuous.

Here is a brief description of the mean stack components:

  • AngularJS is the front-end framework that runs the code in the user's browser.

  • NodeJS is a runtime system that implements JavaScript on the backend of a web application.

  • ExpressJS is the back-end application that runs on top of NodeJS.

  • MongoDB: It is used to store the data of back-end applications as JSON files.

MERN: Why?

The MERN stack's main selling point is that it is a platform that offers businesses and enterprises the agility, performance, and intelligence they require to advance their operations. JavaScript is at the core of many technologies that enable developers to build and deliver websites with rich experiences similar to desktop and mobile apps because all web users today demand high levels of performance and interactivity.

JavaScript has evolved into a web interface. It has changed significantly over the years. Today, JavaScript is used for much more than just adding visual effects to websites; it also aids in the implementation of application logic and database access.

Due to a few benefits, MERN Stack is also securing a small place in the world of the software developer. There is no need for context switching because every line of code is written in JavaScript. In traditional tech stacks, the challenge for developers was figuring out how to integrate different programming languages into one another in order to turn their ideas into usable products. But compared to earlier times, the present is a significant departure. As the JavaScript stack has improved, things are now more balanced. Developers can only use JavaScript and JSON when using the JavaScript stack (JavaScript Object Notation). Additionally, this stack excels at creating highly effective web applications.

No templates exist for the language. React is a popular programming language despite not being one of the hottest or most in-demand ones because it lacks templates. React is sometimes more frequently used by web developers than other languages because it eliminates the need to learn and practise a templating language in order to automate the process of creating repetitive HTML or DOM elements. React creates repetitive or conditional DOM elements with the help of a fully featured programming language, which is none other than the internet's ancestor technologies. Indeed, JavaScript.

Therefore, it is obvious from the aforementioned shifting trends that the world of web development is a dynamic one. Although selecting the most renowned and ideal frameworks, technologies, or, should we say, the stack, may be challenging, we can always try to select the stack that best meets your company's needs.

The following elements make up the Mern stack:

  • ReactJS is a library that facilitates creating the user interface components of single-page web applications.

  • NodeJS is a runtime environment capable of running JavaScript on a machine.

  • ExpressJS is a layered framework built on top of NodeJS that takes care of the website’s back-end functionality and structure.

  • MongoDB is a document-oriented NoSQL data store.

MEAN vs. MERN stack: A tight race

Because of its MVC architecture, the AngularJS framework is already well known among AngularJS developers. MVC architecture, however, might not always be necessary for a web application. Some web applications might only require a UI layer abstraction to optimise the component rendering code. A library that fills this need is React JS.

The use of the AngularJS framework and the React JS library, respectively, is the primary distinction between the MEAN and MERN stacks. Making a decision between MEAN and MERN can be difficult because both frameworks are focused on delivering UI-level abstraction. React JS is a creation of Facebook Inc., whereas Angular JS is supported by Google Inc. As a result, each of them has the support of influential business people. The process of selecting the best technology stack for your needs is covered in detail in the following section.

A conclusion

This article's conclusion follows the discussion of mean stack vs. mean stack. To summarise, we learned about full-stack development before learning the difference between mean stack and mean stack. In this overview, we focused on the benefits of using each technology stack before recommending the best choice in a variety of situations.

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